JULIUS CAESAR Lifetime 44BC Rome Ancient Silver Roman Coin NGC Certified XF Rare

By admin, January 16, 2018

JULIUS CAESAR Lifetime 44BC Rome Ancient Silver Roman Coin NGC Certified XF Rare
JULIUS CAESAR Lifetime 44BC Rome Ancient Silver Roman Coin NGC Certified XF Rare
JULIUS CAESAR Lifetime 44BC Rome Ancient Silver Roman Coin NGC Certified XF Rare
JULIUS CAESAR Lifetime 44BC Rome Ancient Silver Roman Coin NGC Certified XF Rare
JULIUS CAESAR Lifetime 44BC Rome Ancient Silver Roman Coin NGC Certified XF Rare
JULIUS CAESAR Lifetime 44BC Rome Ancient Silver Roman Coin NGC Certified XF Rare
JULIUS CAESAR Lifetime 44BC Rome Ancient Silver Roman Coin NGC Certified XF Rare
JULIUS CAESAR Lifetime 44BC Rome Ancient Silver Roman Coin NGC Certified XF Rare
JULIUS CAESAR Lifetime 44BC Rome Ancient Silver Roman Coin NGC Certified XF Rare
JULIUS CAESAR Lifetime 44BC Rome Ancient Silver Roman Coin NGC Certified XF Rare
JULIUS CAESAR Lifetime 44BC Rome Ancient Silver Roman Coin NGC Certified XF Rare
JULIUS CAESAR Lifetime 44BC Rome Ancient Silver Roman Coin NGC Certified XF Rare

JULIUS CAESAR Lifetime 44BC Rome Ancient Silver Roman Coin NGC Certified XF Rare
Julius Caesar – Roman General, Politician, Hero & Dictator Silver Denarius 18mm (4.04 grams) 2h P. Sepullius Macer, moneyer Rome mint, struck January-February 44 B. ; Ex Drotheum, 8 June 1956, lot 2828 Certification: NGC Ancients XF Strike: 4/5 Surface: 4/5 4371773-004 Wreathed head of Caesar right; star of eight rays behind; CAESAR IMP downwards before. Venus Vicrix standing left, holding Victory in outstretched right hand and with left, resting on vertical scepter set on star; P SEPVLLIVS downwards to right, MACER upwards to left. Provided with certificate of authenticity. CERTIFIED AUTHENTIC by Sergey Nechayev, PhD – Numismatic Expert. Apostolo Zeno (11 December 1669 in Venice – 11 November 1750 in Venice) was a Venetian poet, librettist, journalist, and man of letters. Apostolo Zeno was born of Cretan Greek descent in Venice in 1669. His father was Pietro Zeno a doctor of medicine and his mother, Caterina Sevasto, belonged to the Sevasti, an illustrious and powerful Greek family of Candia, Crete. A Venetian nobleman, he was in 1691 among the founders of the Accademia degli Animosi. In 1695, he composed his first libretto, Gli inganni felici , which obtained great success, making him a fashionable librettist. From 1705, he worked with Pietro Pariati, keeping the theatrical scenes for himself and leaving to Pariati the composition of the libretti. He began work as a literary journalist for the Galleria di Minerva , also taking upon executive responsibilities, but distanced himself when he realized that he had not succeeded in making the impact upon the publication that he intended. In the end he described it as an idiocy. In 1710 together with Scipione Maffei, Antonio Vallisneri and his brother, Pier Caterino Zeno, he founded the Giornale de’ letterati d’Italia , maintaining that it was necessary that Italians themselves make their own newspaper… Revealing that good sense, erudition and ingenuity never were lacking among us, and now more than ever are they flourishing. The tri-monthly publication had prestigious contributors such as Scipione Maffei, Antonio Vallisneri, Eustachio Manfredi, Ludovico Antonio Muratori, Giovanni Battista Morgagni, Giovan Battista Vico, Bernardino Ramazzini. Motivated above all by the desire to improve Italian learning, it enjoyed considerable success. When Apostolo Zeno was called to duty as poet laureate to the imperial court of Vienna in 1718, his brother, Pier Caterino took over the direction until 1732, publishing the periodical annually. Apostolo remained in Vienna until 1729, at which point he was replaced by Pietro Metastasio. Zeno wrote the libretti for 36 operas with historical and mythological themes, including Gli inganni felici (1695), Odoardo (1695) Faramondo (1698), Lucio Vero, Imperatore di Roma (1700), Griselda (1701), Merope (1711, Edition, 1727), L’Ambleto (1712), Alessandro Severo (1716), T’Euzzone (1719), Ormisda (1721), Artaserse (1724), Semiramide (1725), Domenico Sarro’s Il Valdemaro (1726), Astarto (1730), Caio Fabbricio (1733), Euristeo (published 1757), and Sesostri re d’Egitto (Prague edition 1760) as well as 17 oratorios. Among his literary works, the Dissertazioni vossiane are additions and corrections to De historicis latinis by Voss. His Annotazioni to the Biblioteca della eloquenza italiana by Giusto Fontanini were published posthumously. His correspondence (Epistolario) is ample. From condemnation of the unrealistic and exaggerated elements of melodrama was born a demand for greater verisimilitude in plots and for literary dignity in texts. Zeno was the first to undertake reform to make melodrama more sober, according to the arcadici principles, developed further by Metastasio. Inspired by French tragedians, he respected, as they did, the rule of the unity of time and space. He reduced the number of characters and scenes and eliminated the clown roles, constructing his works so that they could be presented also without music. Francesco de Sanctis, referring to Metastasio, wrote that if we look at the structure, his drama is constructed in the fashion which Apostolo Zeno already demonstrated. But the structure is only a simple skeleton. Metastasio breathed into that skeleton the grace and the romance of a happy and harmonious life. He was the poet of melodrama; Zeno was the architect. Gaius Julius Caesar (13 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman military and political leader. He played a critical role in the transformation of the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire. As a politician, Caesar made use of popularist tactics. During the late 60s and into the 50s BC, he formed political alliances that led to the so-called First Triumvirate, an extra-legal arrangement with Marcus Licinius Crassus and Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus (Pompey the Great) that was to dominate Roman politics for several years. Their factional attempts to amass power for themselves were opposed within the Roman Senate by the optimates, among them Marcus Porcius Cato and Marcus Calpurnius Bibulus, with the sometime support of Marcus Tullius Cicero. Caesar’s conquest of Gaul extended the Roman world to the North Sea, and in 55 BC he also conducted the first Roman invasion of Britain. These achievements granted him unmatched military power and threatened to eclipse Pompey’s, while the death of Crassus contributed to increasing political tensions between the two triumviral survivors. Political realignments in Rome finally led to a stand-off between Caesar and Pompey, the latter having taken up the cause of the Senate. With the order that sent his legions across the Rubicon, Caesar began a civil war in 49 BC from which he emerged as the unrivaled leader of the Roman world. After assuming control of government, he began extensive reforms of Roman society and government. He centralised the bureaucracy of the Republic and was eventually proclaimed “dictator in perpetuity” (dictator perpetuo). A group of senators, led by Marcus Junius Brutus, assassinated the dictator on the Ides of March (15 March) 44 BC, hoping to restore the normal running of the Republic. However, the result was another Roman civil war, which ultimately led to the establishment of a permanent autocracy by Caesar’s adopted heir, Gaius Octavianus. In 42 BC, two years after his assassination, the Senate officially sanctified Caesar as one of the Roman deities. Much of Caesar’s life is known from his own Commentaries (Commentarii) on his military campaigns, and other contemporary sources such as the letters and speeches of his political rival Cicero, the historical writings of Sallust, and the poetry of Catullus. Many more details of his life are recorded by later historians, such as Appian, Suetonius, Plutarch, Cassius Dio and Strabo. The item “JULIUS CAESAR Lifetime 44BC Rome Ancient Silver Roman Coin NGC Certified XF Rare” is in sale since Sunday, April 02, 2017. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Roman\ Republic (300 BC-27 BC)”. The seller is “victoram” and is located in Forest Hills, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide.
  • Certification: NGC
  • Composition: Silver
  • Culture: Roman
  • Material: Silver
  • Certification Number: 4371773-004
  • Provenance: Apostolo Zeno Collection
  • Denomination: Denarius
  • Grade: XF

JULIUS CAESAR Lifetime 44BC Rome Ancient Silver Roman Coin NGC Certified XF Rare