JULIA DOMNA 193AD Genuine Ancient Roman Coin THREE NUDE GRACES i9658 Large
Item: i9658 Authentic Ancient Coin of. Julia Domna – Roman Empress Wife of Emperor Septimius Severus 193-211 A. Bronze 25mm (9.5 grams) from the city of Marcianopolis 193-209 A. IOVIA OMNA C B , draped bust right. MAPKIANOO ITN, The Three Graces, Aglaea, Euphrosyne and Thalia, standing side-by-side facing, nude, arms around each other’s shoulders. In Greek mythology , a Charis or Grace is one of three or more minor goddesses of charm, beauty, nature, human creativity, and fertility, together known as the Charites or Graces. The usual list, from youngest to oldest is Aglaea (“Splendor”), Euphrosyne (“Mirth”), and Thalia (“Good Cheer”). In Roman mythology they were known as the Gratiae , the “Graces”. In some variants, Charis was one of the Graces and was not the singular form of their name. Aglaea “splendor, brilliant, shining one” is the name of several figures in Greek mythology. The youngest of the Charites , Aglaea was one of three daughters of Zeus and either the Oceanid Eurynome or Eunomia , goddess of good order and lawful conduct. Her two sisters were Euphrosyne , and Thalia. Together they were known as the Three Graces , or the Charites. Aglaea was also known as Kharis (“the Grace”) and Kale (“Beauty”). The Charites were usually considered the daughters of Zeus and Eurynome , though they were also said to be daughters of Dionysus and Aphrodite or of Helios and the naiad Aegle. Other possible names of their mother by Zeus are Eurydome , Eurymedousa , and Euanthe. Homer wrote that they were part of the retinue of Aphrodite. The Charites were also associated with the Greek underworld and the Eleusinian Mysteries. The river Cephissus near Delphi was sacred to them. Aglaea was the goddess of beauty, splendor, glory, magnificence and adornment. She and her sisters attended Aphrodite , and Aglaea sometimes acted as messenger for the goddess of love. Aglaea was married to Hephaestus after his divorce from Aphrodite, and by him became mother of Eucleia (Good Repute), Eupheme (Acclaim), Euthenia (Prosperity), and Philophrosyne (Welcome). The asteroid 47 Aglaja is named for her, as is the butterfly genus Aglais Dalman, 1816. Thalia “the joyous, the flourishing”, from “to flourish, to be verdant” was the Muse who presided over comedy and idyllic poetry. In this context her name means “flourishing”, because the praises in her songs flourish through time. She was the daughter of Zeus and Mnemosyne , the eighth-born of the nine Muses. According to pseudo-Apollodorus, she and Apollo were the parents of the Corybantes. Other ancient sources, however, gave the Corybantes different parents. She was portrayed as a young woman with a joyous air, crowned with ivy, wearing boots and holding a comic mask in her hand. Many of her statues also hold a bugle and a trumpet (both used to support the actors’ voices in ancient comedy), or occasionally a shepherds staff or a wreath of ivy. Muse of comedy and idyllic poetry , Jean-Marc Nattier. The Three Graces by Antonio Canova. Although the Graces usually numbered three, according to the Spartans , Cleta , not Thalia, was the third, and other Graces are sometimes mentioned, including Auxo , Hegemone , Peitho , Phaenna , Charis or Kale , and Pasithea. An ancient vase painting attests the following names: Antheia, Eudaimonia, Paidia, Pandaisia, Pannychis – all referring to the Charites as patronesses of amusement and festivities. Pausanias interrupts his Description of Greece book 9. 17 to expand upon the various conceptions of the Graces that had developed in different parts of mainland Greece and Ionia. The Boeotians say that Eteocles was the first man to sacrifice to the Graces. Moreover, they are aware that he established three as the number of the Graces, but they have no tradition of the names he gave them. The Lacedaemonians , however, say that the Graces are two, and that they were instituted by Lacedaemon , son of Taygete , who gave them the names of Cleta and Phaenna. These are appropriate names for Graces, as are those given by the Athenians, who from of old have worshipped two Graces, Auxo and Hegemone… It was from Eteocles of Orchomenus that we learned the custom of praying to three Graces. And Angelion and Tectaus , sons of Dionysus, who made the image of Apollo for the Delians , set three Graces in his hand. Again, at Athens, before the entrance to the Acropolis , the Graces are three in number; by their side are celebrated mysteries which must not be divulged to the many. Pamphos was the first we know of to sing about the Graces, but his poetry contains no information either as to their number or about their names. Homer (he too refers to the Graces) makes one the wife of Hephaestus , giving her the name of Grace. He also says that Sleep was a lover of Pasithea, and in the speech of Sleep there is this verse. Verily that he would give me one of the younger Graces. Hence some have suspected that Homer knew of older Graces as well. Hesiod in the Theogony (though the authorship is doubtful, this poem is good evidence) says that the Graces are daughters of Zeus and Eurynome, giving them the names of Euphrosyne, Aglaia and Thalia. The poem of Onomacritus agrees with this account. Antimachus, while giving neither the number of the Graces nor their names, says that they are daughters of Aegle and the Sun. The elegiac poet Hermesianax disagrees with his predecessors in that he makes Persuasion also one of the Graces. The Graces in a 1st-century fresco at Pompeii. On the representation of the Graces, Pausanias wrote. Who it was who first represented the Graces naked, whether in sculpture or in painting, I could not discover. During the earlier period, certainly, sculptors and painters alike represented them draped. At Smyrna , for instance, in the sanctuary of the Nemeses , above the images have been dedicated Graces of gold, the work of Bupalus; and in the Music Hall in the same city there is a portrait of a Grace, painted by Apelles. At Pergamus likewise, in the chamber of Attalus , are other images of Graces made by Bupalus; and near what is called the Pythium there is a portrait of Graces, painted by Pythagoras the Parian. Socrates too, son of Sophroniscus, made images of Graces for the Athenians, which are before the entrance to the Acropolis. Also, Socrates was known to have destroyed his own work as he progressed deeper into his life of philosophy and search of the conscious due to his iconoclastic attitude towards art and the like. All these are alike draped; but later artists, I do not know the reason, have changed the way of portraying them. Certainly to-day sculptors and painters represent Graces naked. The Three Graces, from Carle van Loo (1763). The Three Graces, from Sandro Botticelli’s painting Primavera in the Uffizi Gallery. During the Renaissance , the Roman statue group of the three graces in the Piccolomini library in Duomo di Siena inspired most themes. The Charites are depicted together with several other mythological figures in Sandro Botticelli’s painting Primavera. Raphael also pictured them in a painting now housed in Chantilly in France. Among other artistic depictions, they are the subject of famous sculptures by Antonio Canova and Bertel Thorvaldsen. A group of three trees in the Calaveras Big Trees State Park are named “The Three Graces” after the Charites. Mars Being Disarmed by Venus is the last painting produced by the French artist Jacques-Louis David. He began it in 1822 (aged 73) during his exile in Brussels and completed it three years later, before dying in an accident in 1825. He sent it to an exhibition in Paris from his exile, knowing that by then Romanticism was ascendant in the Salon. In 2007 it was displayed in the main hall of the Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium in Brussels, close to the entrance. At over 3 m (10 ft) high it is an imposing work. Set before a temple floating in the clouds, Venus the goddess of love and her followers, the three Graces and Cupid , are shown taking away the weapons, helmet, shield and armour of Mars the god of war. He allows himself to be disarmed and gives in to Venus’s charms. Most of David’s models for it were figures involved in the Théâtre de la Monnaie : Venus was modelled by the actress Marie Lesueur , Cupid by Lucien Petipa , Mars by a subscriber or’abonné’, and one of the Graces by the Prince of Orange’s mistress. Three Ages of Woman and Death and The Three Graces. Marcianopolis , or Marcianople was an ancient Roman city in Thracia. It was located at the site of modern day Devnya , Bulgaria. The city was so renamed by Emperor Trajan after his sister Ulpia Marciana , and was previously known as Parthenopolis. Romans repulsed a Gothic attack to this town in 267 (or 268), during the reign of Gallienus. Diocletian made it the capital of the Moesia Secunda province. Valens made it his winter quarters in 368 and succeeding years, Emperor Justinian I restored and fortified it. In 587, it was sacked by the king of the Avars but at once retaken by the Romans. The Roman army quartered there in 596 before crossing the Danube to assault the Avars. Between 893 and 972 it was one of the most important medieval cities in south-eastern Europe. Julia Domna unknown date. 217 was a member of the Severan dynasty of the Roman Empire. Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Lucius Septimius Severus and mother of Emperors Geta and Caracalla , Julia was among the most important women ever to exercise power behind the throne in the Roman Empire. The item “JULIA DOMNA 193AD Genuine Ancient Roman Coin THREE NUDE GRACES i9658 Large” is in sale since Tuesday, January 14, 2014. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Roman\ Imperial (27 BC-476 AD)”. The seller is “highrating_lowprice” and is located in Rego Park, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide.
- Ruler: Julia Domna Septimius Severus wife