FAUSTINA II Jr. 164AD VENUS grabs at MARS Lover Couple Ancient Roman Coin i42195
Item: i42195 Authentic Ancient Coin of. Faustina II – Roman Empress & Wife of Emperor Marcus Aurelius – 161-175 A. Bronze As 25mm (9.96 grams) Rome mint, under Marcus Aurelius, 164-169 A. Reference: RIC III 1680 (Aurelius); C 241 FAVSTINA AVGVSTA, Draped bust right. VENERI VICTRICI, Venus standing right, grabbing with both hands arms of Mars standing right, looking left, holding shield and parazonium. A few surviving statuary groups of this type featuring portraits of married aristocrats on the bodies of the Mars and Venus survive from the Antonine period and reflect both the popularity of the motif at the time and the desire of the well to do be portrayed in the guise of deities. This type of group is itself a combination two famous statue types: the 4th century BC Venus of Capua and the 5th century Ares Borghese types. Venus of Capua is statuary type representing a semi-naked Aphrodite. Its prototype, named after its findspot at the ruins of an ancient theater in Capua , Italy, is now in the Museo Archeologico Nazionale Napoli (Naples National Archaeological Museum). An earlier version of the type of the Venus de Milo , and close to the Venus of Arles , the statue probably represented the goddess admiring her reflection inside the reflective inner surface of Ares’ shield, a motif known on coins from Corinth. The Ares Borghese is a Roman marble statue of the imperial era (1st or 2nd century AD). It is 2.11m high. It is identifiable as Ares by the helmet and by the ankle ring given him by his lover Aphrodite. This statue possibly preserves some features of an original work in bronze, now lost, of the 5th century BC. The cult and representation of Ares are very rare in the ancient Greek world, especially in sculpture. It has been thought that this statue may be derived from one by Alcamenes , an Athenian sculptor who, according to Pausanias (I, 8, 4), made a statue of Ares that was erected on the Athenian agora. However, the temple of Ares to which he refers had only been moved from Acharnes and re-sited in the Agora in Augustus’s time, making this a chronological impossibility. Also, statues known to derive from Alcamenes’ statue show the god in a breastplate (one is depicted in this relief). So, in all, this statue may not be a copy of Alcamenes’s, but instead a Roman creation according to a classicising or Neo-Attic type. Later, widely dispersed, this type was paired with female statues of the Venus de Milo type for portraits of the imperial Roman couple, symbol of the union between military and peace, such as the Mars and Venus. Formerly part of the Borghese collection. Faustina the Younger or Faustina Minor , the younger Latin for Minor Annia Galeria Faustina Minor. Between 125 and 130-175 was a daughter of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius and Roman Empress Faustina the Elder. She was a Roman Empress and wife to her maternal cousin Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius. Though Roman sources give a generally negative view of her character, she was held in high esteem by soldiers and her own husband and was given divine honours after her death. The item “FAUSTINA II Jr. 164AD VENUS grabs at MARS Lover Couple Ancient Roman Coin i42195″ is in sale since Tuesday, August 19, 2014. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Roman\ Imperial (27 BC-476 AD)”. The seller is “highrating_lowprice” and is located in Rego Park, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide.