CLEOPATRA & ANTONY 34 BC Ancient Roman AR Coin NGC Certified Choice XF 5/5 5/5
 Mark Antony & Queen Cleoptra of Egypt Silver Denarius 3.98 gm. Uncertain mint in the East Chalcis? Certification: NGC Anciets (Photo Certificate) Choice XF, 5/5; 5/5. 4371743-002 Pedigree: Ex Triton sale VII, 2004, 839. CLEOPATRAE – REGINAE·REGVM·FILIORVM·REGVM Draped and diademed bust of Cleopatra right; before, prow. ANTONI·ARMENIA·DEVICTA Bare head of M. Antony right; behind, Armenian tiara. Reference: Sear Imperators 345. Crawford 543/1; Babelon Antonia 95. Butcher, Coinage in Roman Syria p. The principal events commemorated by this denarius are the conquest of Armenia by Antony in B. 34, his subsequent triumph at Alexandria, the honors he conferred on Cleopatra, and the assistance which eh received from her in the supply of the ships. Cleopatra was the last queen of Egypt. She is credited with having been the mistress of both Caesar and Antony, her association with the latter is certain. After the defeat at Actium she fled to Alexandria, where after Antony’s death she ended her own life in B. 30, being then in her thirty-ninth year. Cleopatra VII Philopator in Greek, ; (Late 69 BC – August 12, 30 BC) was the last person to rule Egypt as an Egyptian pharaoh – after she died, Egypt became a Roman province. She was a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Ancient Egypt, and therefore was a descendant of one of Alexander the Great’s generals who had seized control over Egypt after Alexander’s death. Most Ptolemeis spoke Greek and refused to learn Egyptian, which is the reason that Greek as well as Egyptian languages were used on official court documents like the Rosetta Stone. By contrast, Cleopatra learned Egyptian and represented herself as the reincarnation of an Egyptian Goddess. Cleopatra originally ruled jointly with her father Ptolemy XII Auletes and later with her brothers, Ptolemy XIII and Ptolemy XIV, whom she married as per Egyptian custom, but eventually she became sole ruler. As pharaoh, she consummated a liaison with Gaius Julius Caesar that solidified her grip on the throne. She later elevated her son with Caesar, Caesarion, to co-ruler in name. After Caesar’s assassination in 44 BC, she aligned with Mark Antony in opposition to Caesar’s legal heir, Gaius Iulius Caesar Octavianus (later known as Augustus). With Antony, she bore the twins Cleopatra Selene II and Alexander Helios, and another son, Ptolemy Philadelphus. Her unions with her brothers produced no children. After losing the Battle of Actium to Octavian’s forces, Antony committed suicide. Cleopatra followed suit, according to tradition killing herself by means of an asp bite on August 12, 30 BC. She was briefly outlived by Caesarion, who was declared pharaoh, but he was soon killed on Octavian’s orders. Egypt became the Roman province of Aegyptus. Though Cleopatra bore the ancient Egyptian title of pharaoh, the Ptolemaic dynasty was Hellenistic, having been founded 300 years before by Ptolemy I Soter, a Macedonian Greek general of Alexander the Great. As such, Cleopatra’s language was the Greek spoken by the Hellenic aristocracy, though she was reputed to be the first ruler of the dynasty to learn Egyptian. She also adopted common Egyptian beliefs and deities. Her patron goddess was Isis, and thus, during her reign, it was believed that she was the re-incarnation and embodiment of the goddess of wisdom. Her death marked the end of the Ptolemaic Kingdom and Hellenistic period and the beginning of the Roman era in the eastern Mediterranean. To this day, Cleopatra remains a popular figure in Western culture. Her legacy survives in numerous works of art and the many dramatizations of her story in literature and other media, including William Shakespeare’s tragedy Antony and Cleopatra , Jules Massenet’s opera Cléopâtre and the 1963 film Cleopatra. In most depictions, Cleopatra is put forward as a great beauty and her successive conquests of the world’s most powerful men are taken to be proof of her aesthetic and sexual appeal. In his Pensées , philosopher Blaise Pascal contends that Cleopatra’s classically beautiful profile changed world history: Cleopatra’s nose, had it been shorter, the whole face of the world would have been changed. Marcus Antonius , commonly known in English as Mark Antony (Latin: M·ANTONIVS·M·F·M·N)(January 14, 83 BC – August 1, 30 BC), was a Roman politician and general. As a military commander and administrator, he was an important supporter and loyal friend of his mother’s cousin Julius Caesar. After Caesar’s assassination, Antony formed an official political alliance with Octavian (the future Augustus) and Lepidus, known to historians today as the Second Triumvirate. The triumvirate broke up in 33 BC. Disagreement between Octavian and Antony erupted into civil war, the Final War of the Roman Republic, in 31 BC. Antony was defeated by Octavian at the naval Battle of Actium, and in a brief land battle at Alexandria. He and his lover Cleopatra committed suicide shortly thereafter. His career and defeat are significant in Rome’s transformation from Republic to Empire. The item “CLEOPATRA & ANTONY 34 BC Ancient Roman AR Coin NGC Certified Choice XF 5/5 5/5″ is in sale since Thursday, May 12, 2016. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Roman\ Republic (300 BC-27 BC)”. The seller is “victoram” and is located in Forest Hills, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide.
- Certification Number: 4371743-002
- Certification: NGC
- Grade: Choice XF* 5/5, 5/5
- Composition: Silver