THEODOSIUS II 445AD Monogram Constantinople Authentic Ancient Roman Coin i44254
Item: i44254 Authentic Ancient Coin of. Theodosius II – Roman Emperor. Bronze AE4 12mm (1.43 grams) Constantinople mint: 445-450 A. LRBC 2246 D N THEODOSIVS P F AVG, Diademed, draped and cuirassed bust right. Monogram of Theodosius within wreath, CON in exergue. , called the Calligrapher , was a Eastern Roman Emperor (408-450). He is mostly known for promulgating the Theodosian law code as well for the Theodosian Walls of Constantinople. He also presided over the outbreak of two great christological controversies. Setting a record for longest-reigning Roman emperor at 48 years equivalent to a dozen U. , Theodosius II set remarkably few other records in all this time. He was the last emperor to rule both east and west halves, albeit briefly, after the death of Honorius and before the puppet emperor Johannes came onto the scene. As for his own achievements, he wasn’t much more than a figurehead esconced in his palace. His sister Pulcheria took the active role in steering the empire. He died a few days after a hunting accident. Theodosius was born in 401 as the only son of Emperor Arcadius and his Frankish-born wife Aelia Eudoxia. In 408, his father died and the seven-year-old boy became Emperor of the Eastern parts of the Roman Empire. Government was at first by the Praetorian Prefect Anthemius , under whose supervision that the Theodosian land walls of Constantinople were constructed. In 414, Theodosius’ older sister Pulcheria was proclaimed Augusta and assumed the regency. By 416 Theodosius was capable of ruling himself, but his sister remained a strong influence on him. She also assisted her brother in procuring marriage to the Athenian Aelia Eudocia in June 421. The two had a daughter named Licinia Eudoxia. Theodosius’ increasing interest in Christianity, fuelled by the influence of Pulcheria, had him start a war against the Sassanids (421-422), who were persecuting Christians; the war ended in a draw, when the Romans were forced to accept peace as the Huns menaced Constantinople. In 423, the Western Emperor Honorius , Theodosius’ uncle, died and the primicerius notariorum Joannes was proclaimed Emperor. Honorius’ sister Galla Placidia and her young son Valentinian fled to Constantinople to seek Eastern assistance and after some deliberation in 424 Theodosius opened the war against Joannes. In May 425, Valentinian III was installed as Emperor of the West, with his mother acting as regent. To strengthen the ties between the two parts of the Empire, Theodosius’ daughter Licinia Eudoxia was betrothed to Valentinian. University and Law Code. In 425, Theodosius founded the University of Constantinople with 31 chairs (15 in Latin and 16 in Greek). Among subjects were law, philosophy, medicine, arithmetic, geometry, astronomy, music and rhetoric. In 429, Theodosius appointed a commission to collect all of the laws since the reign of Constantine I , and create a fully formalized system of law. This plan was left unfinished, but the work of a second commission that met in Constantinople, assigned to collect all of the general legislations and bring them up to date was completed, and their collection published as the Codex Theodosianus in 438. The law code of Theodosius II, summarizing edicts promulgated since Constantine, formed a basis for the law code of Emperor Justinian I in the following century. Wars with the Huns, Vandals and Persians. The Eastern Empire was also plagued by short raiding attacks by the Huns. The Huns arrived at Athyra (Büyükçekmece) in 447, but an agreement was reached with the Eastern Roman empire , negotiated by Anatolius. The Emperor chose to pay tribute which amounted to 350 Roman pounds ca. 114.5 kg of gold until 435 and 700 Roman pounds after that. When Roman Africa fell to the Vandals in 439, both Eastern and Western Emperors sent forces to Sicily , to launch an attack at the Vandals at Carthage, but this project failed. Seeing the imperial borders without significant forces, the Huns and Sassanid Persia declared war. During 443 two Roman armies were defeated and destroyed by the Huns. In the subsequent peace agreement Roman tribute was tripled to 2,100 Roman pounds ca. 687 kg in gold after which the Huns withdrew into the interior of their empire. The war with Persia on the other hand proved indecisive, and a peace was arranged in 422 without changes to the status quo. During a visit to Syria, Theodosius met the preacher Nestorius and appointed him Patriarch of Constantinople in 428. Nestorius quickly became involved in the disputes of two theological factions, which differed in their Christology. Nestorius tried to find a middle ground between those that, emphasizing the fact that in Christ God had been born as a man, insisted on calling the Virgin Mary Theotokos (“birth-giver of God”), and those that rejected that title because God as an eternal being could not have been born. Nestorius suggested the title Christotokos (“birth-giver to Christ”), but did not find acceptance by either faction and was accused of detaching Christ’s divine and human natures from each other, a heresy later called Nestorianism. Though initially supported by the Emperor, Nestorius found a forceful opponent in Patriarch Cyril of Alexandria. With the consent of the Emperor and Pope Celestine I , an Ecumenical Council convened in Ephesus in 431, which affirmed the title Theotokos and condemned Nestorius, who was then exiled by the Emperor. Almost twenty years later, the theological dispute broke out again, this time caused by the Constantinopolitan abbot Eutyches , whose Christology was understood by some to mingle Christ’s divine and human nature into one. Eutyches was condemned by Patriarch Flavian of Constantinople but found a powerful friend in Cyril’s successor Dioscurus of Alexandria. Another council convoked to Ephesus in 449, deemed “robber synod” because of its tumultuous circumstances, restored Eutyches and deposed Flavian, who was mistreated and died shortly afterwards. Pope Leo I of Rome and many other bishops protested against the outcome, but the Emperor supported it. Only after his death in 450 would the decisions be reversed at the Council of Chalcedon. Theodosius died in 450 as the result of a riding accident. She married the general Marcian , thereby making him Emperor. 16 January 27 BC to 19 August AD 14. 19 August 14 to 16 March 37. 18 March 37 to 24 January 41. Murdered by Praetorian Guard. 24 January 41 to 13 October 54. Poisoned by his wife Agrippina, mother of Nero. 13 October 54 to 11 June 68. Made a slave kill him. Year of the Four Emperors. 8 June 68 to 15 January 69. Murdered in favour of. 15 January 69 to 16 April 69. 2 January 69 to 20 December 69. 1 July 69 to 24 June 79. 24 June 79 to 13 September 81. Possibly assassinated by Domitian. 14 September 81 to 18 September 96. 18 September 96 to 27 January 98. Proclaimed emperor by senate. 28 January 98 to 7 August 117. 11 August 117 to 10 July 138. 10 July 138 to 7 March 161. 7 March 161 to 17 March 180. 7 March 161 to March 169. Usurper; ruled in Egypt and Syria; murdered by his own army. 177 to 31 December 192. Year of the Five Emperors. 1 January 193 to 28 March 193. Proclaimed emperor by senate; murdered by Praetorian Guard. 28 March 193 to 1 June 193. Proclaimed emperor by Praetorian Guard; executed on orders of the Senate. 9 April 193 to 4 February 211. Troops; accepted by senate. Proclaimed emperor by Syrian troops, defeated in battle by. Proclaimed emperor by British troops, defeated in battle by. 198 to 8 April 217. Assassinated at the behest of. 209 to 4 February 211. Assassinated on orders of. 11 April 217 to June 218. Proclaimed himself emperor; executed on orders of. May 217 to June 218. June 218 to 222. Proclaimed emperor by army; murdered by his own troops. 13 March 222 to? Murdered by his own troops. Crisis of the Third Century. February/March 235 to March/April 238. Proclaimed emperor by the army; murdered by. January/March 238 to late January/April 238. Proclaimed emperor in Africa; committed suicide after. January March 238 to late January/April 238. February 238 to early May 238. Proclaimed joint emperor by senate; murdered by. May 238 to February 244. Death unclear, probably murdered. Usurper; proclaimed himself emperor; defeated in battle. February 244 to September/October 249. Proclaimed emperor after death of. Killed in battle by. Usurper; proclaimed himself emperor; murdered by his own soldiers. Usurper; proclaimed himself emperor in the east; murdered by his own soldiers. Usurper; details essentially unknown. 249 to June 251. Proclaimed himself emperor in the east in opposition to. Usurper; proclaimed emperor in Rome; rebellion suppressed. 251 to June 251. June 251 to August 253. Proclaimed emperor by his troops after Decius’s death; murdered by them in favour of Aemilianus. July 251 to August 253. August 253 to October 253. Proclaimed emperor by his troops; murdered by them in favour of. 253 to June 260. Proclaimed emperor by his troops; captured in battle by the. 253 to September 268. To 260; probably murdered by his generals. Proclaimed emperor by army; murdered shortly after by troops of. June 260 (or 258). Usurper; proclaimed himself emperor after. S capture; defeated in battle. Usurper; proclaimed emperor after. S defeat; fate unclear. Usurper; proclaimed emperor by eastern army; defeated and killed in battle. Defeated and killed in battle. 261 to 261 or 262. Usurper; proclaimed himself emperor after the defeat of the Macriani; defeated and executed. S death; surrendered to. 268 to August 270. Proclaimed emperor by the army. August 270 to September 270. Proclaimed himself emperor; cause of death unclear. August 270 to 275. Proclaimed emperor by army; murdered by the. Usurper; proclaimed emperor in. Killed by his own soldiers. November/December 275 to July 276. Appointed emperor by the Senate; possibly assassinated. July 276 to September 276. Proclaimed emperor by the western army; murdered by his troops. July 276 to late September 282. Proclaimed emperor by the eastern army; murdered by his own soldiers in favour of. Usurper; proclaimed emperor by his troops; then killed by them. Usurper; proclaimed himself emperor at the request of the people of. Usurper; proclaimed himself emperor; defeated by. September 282 to July/August 283. Proclaimed emperor by Praetorian guard. Spring 283 to summer 285. Son of Carus; co-emperor with. July/August 283 to November 284. Declared himself emperor after. S death; killed by his own troops. Proclaimed himself emperor in opposition to Postumus; defeated and killed by Postumus. Proclaimed himself emperor after Postumus’s death. Proclaimed emperor after Marius’s death. Proclaimed himself emperor of the. Nominated heir to Victorinus. Declared himself emperor; assassinated by. S death; defeated by. 20 November 284 to 1 May 305. Declared emperor by the army after Numerian’s death; Abdicated. 1 April 286 to 1 May 305. Made co-emperor (‘Augustus’) with. 1 May 305 to 25 July 306. Made junior co-emperor (‘Caesar’) under. Became Augustus after his abdication. 1 May 305 to May 311. August 306 to 16 September 307. Became Augustus after his death; executed by. 28 October 306 to 28 October 312. Defeated in battle by. 307, de facto 312 to 22 May 337. Proclaimed Augustus by army. Proclaimed emperor in Africa; defeated in battle by. 11 November 308 to 18 September 324. 1 May 311 to July/August 313. Became Augustus after his death; defeated in battle by Licinius and committed suicide. December 316 to 1 March 317. July to 18 September 324. Co-emperor with his brothers; killed in battle. Co-emperor with his brothers. Co-emperor with his brothers, killed by. January 350 to 11 August 353. Usurper; proclaimed emperor by the army; defeated by. Proclaimed himself emperor against. Defeated and executed by. November 361 to June 363. Made Caesar by Constantius, then proclaimed Augustus by the army; killed in battle. 363 to 17 February 364. Proclaimed emperor by the army after. 26 February 364 to 17 November 375. 28 March 365 to 9 August 378. Made co-emperor in the east by his brother. September 365 to 27 May 366. Usurper; Proclaimed himself emperor; defeated and executed by. 24 August 367 to 383. And died in suspicious circumstances. Usurper; proclaimed emperor by troops; at one time recognized by. But then deposed and executed. Son of Magnus Maximus, executed on orders of. Usurper; proclaimed emperor by army under. 379 to 17 January 395. Made co-emperor for the east by. 383 to 408 EAST. Appointed co-emperor with his father. Sole emperor for the east from January 395. 23 January 393 to 15 August 423 WEST. Appointed Augustus for the west by his father. 407 to 411 WEST. Usurper; proclaimed emperor in Britain; defeated by. 409 to 411 WEST. Usurper; made emperor by his father. 409 and 414 to 415 WEST. Usurper; twice proclaimed emperor by. And twice deposed by. Usurper; proclaimed emperor in Spain; abdicated. 411 to 413 WEST. S death, executed by. 412 to 413 WEST. Usurper; appointed co-emperor by. 408 to 450 EAST. 421 to 421 WEST. 423 to 425 WEST. Proclaimed western emperor, initially undisputed; defeated and executed by. 425 to 16 March 455 WEST. 17 March 455 to 31 May 455. Proclaimed himself emperor after. June 455 to 17 October 456. Proclaimed emperor by the. 457 to 2 August 461. Deposed and executed by. 12 April 467 to 11 July 472. July 472 to 2 November 472. 5 March 473 to June 474. June 474 to 25 April 480. Appointed by eastern emperor. Deposed in Italy by. In 475; continued to be recognised as lawful emperor in Gaul and Dalmatia until his murder in 480. 31 October 475 to 4 September 476. Barbarian kings of Italy. For the rulers of the Eastern Roman Empire also known as the. List of Byzantine Emperors. See also: Theodosian dynasty. Theodosius I “the Great” (‘ , Flavius Theodosius)Theodosius I Coins. 19 January 379 17 January 395. Born on 11 January 347. Aristocrat and military leader, brother-in-law of Gratian, who appointed him as emperor of the East. From 392 until his death sole Roman emperor. Arcadius (, Flavius Arcadius)Arcadius Coins. 17 January 395 1 May 408. Born in 377/378, the eldest son of Theodosius I. Succeeded upon the death of his father. Theodosius II (‘, Flavius Theodosius) Theodosius II Coins. 1 May 408 28 July 450. Born on 10 April 401, the only son of Arcadius. As a minor, the praetorian prefect Anthemius was regent in 408414. He died in a riding accident. Marcian (, Flavius Valerius Marcianus). A soldier and politician, he became emperor after being wed by the Augusta Pulcheria , Theodosius II’s sister, following the latter’s death. See also: House of Leo. Leo I “the Thracian” (‘ , Flavius Valerius Leo). 7 February 457 18 January 474. Born in Dacia in 401. A common soldier, he was chosen by Aspar , commander-in-chief of the army. Leo II (‘, Flavius Leo). 18 January 17 November 474. Born in 467, the grandson of Leo I. Succeeded upon the death of Leo I. Died of an unknown disease, possibly poisoned. 17 November 474 9 April 491. 425 at Zenonopolis , Isauria , originally named Tarasicodissa. Son-in-law of Leo I, he was bypassed in the succession because of his barbarian origin. Named co-emperor by his son on 9 February 474, he succeeded upon the death of Leo II. Deposed by Basiliscus, brother-in-law of Leo, he fled to his native country and regained the throne in August 476. 9 January 475 August 476. General and brother-in-law of Leo I, he seized power from Zeno but was again deposed by him. Anastasius I (‘, Flavius Anastasius). BYZANTINE – Anastasius Coins. 11 April 491 9 July 518. 430 at Dyrrhachium , Epirus nova. A palace official (silentiarius) and son-in-law of Leo I, he was chosen as emperor by empress-dowager Ariadne. Main article: Justinian Dynasty. July 9, 518 AD August 1, 527 AD. Commander of the palace guard under Anastasius I ; elected as emperor with support of army. August 1, 527 AD Natural causes. FLAVIVS PETRVS SABBATIVS IVSTINIANVS AVGVSTVS. 482 AD, Tauresium , Dardania. August 1, 527 AD 13/14 November 565 AD. Nephew and nominated heir of Justin I. 13/14 November 565 AD Natural causes. FLAVIVS IVSTINIVS IVNIOR AVGVSTVS. 13/14 November 565 AD 578 AD. Nephew of Justinian I. 578 AD Became insane; Tiberius II Constantine ruled as regent from December 574 and became emperor on Justin’s death in 578. Roman Late Monogram Coins. What is a certificate of authenticity and what guarantees do you give that the item is authentic? The item “THEODOSIUS II 445AD Monogram Constantinople Authentic Ancient Roman Coin i44254″ is in sale since Saturday, November 8, 2014. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Roman\ Imperial (27 BC-476 AD)”. The seller is “highrating_lowprice” and is located in Rego Park, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide.