PERGAMUM in Mysia ROMAN SENATE & ROMA 10AD Ancient Greek Coin i38625
Item: i38625 Authentic Ancient Coin of. Greek city of Pergamum in Mysia under Roman Control Bronze 18mm (3.38 grams) Struck 10-100 A. Reference Sear GIC 4910; B. 134, 205 CYNKON – Youthful draped bust right of the Roman senate. A PMHN – Turreted and draped bust of Roma right. Situated in the Kaikos valley, about 15 miles from the coast, Pergamon was a city of uncertain origin and of no great importance before the time of Alexander the Great. In the 3rd century B. It became the center of the independent kingdom ruled by the Attalid dynasty founded by Philetairos. The city was extended and beautified as the prosperity of the kingdom increased, and by the late Hellenistic times Pergamon ranked as one of the great cultural centers of the Greek world. After the end of the kingdom, 133 B. Pergamon became capital of the Roman province of Asia. In architecture , a turret (from Italian : torretta , little tower; Latin : turris , tower) is a small tower that projects vertically from the wall of a building such as a medieval castle. Turrets were used to provide a projecting defensive position allowing covering fire to the adjacent wall in the days of military fortification. As their military use faded, turrets were used for decorative purposes, as in the Scottish baronial style. A turret can have a circular top with crenellations as seen in the picture at right, a pointed roof, or other kind of apex. It might contain a staircase if it projects higher than the building; however, a turret is not necessarily higher than the rest of the building; in this case, it is typically part of a room, that can be simply walked into see the turret of Chateau de Chaumont on the collection of turrets. Which also illustrates a turret on a modern skyscraper. A building may have both towers and turrets; turrets might be smaller or higher but the difference is generally considered to be that a turret projects from the edge of the building, rather than continuing to the ground. The size of a turret is therefore limited by technology, since it puts additional stresses on the structure of the building. It would traditionally be supported by a corbel. In traditional Roman religion , Roma was a female deity who personified the city of Rome and more broadly, the Roman state. Her image appears on the base of the column of Antoninus Pius. Roma , formerly queen of almost the whole earth. 3 calls her the prince of cities; and according to Martial L. 8 she is terrarum dea gentiumque. Pergamon , Pergamum or Pérgamo (in Greek ,) was an ancient Greek city in modern-day Turkey , in Mysia , today located 16 miles (26 km) from the Aegean Sea on a promontory on the north side of the river Caicus (modern day Bakrçay), that became the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon during the Hellenistic period , under the Attalid dynasty , 281133 BC. Today, the main sites of ancient Pergamon are to the north and west of the modern city of Bergama. The item “PERGAMUM in Mysia ROMAN SENATE & ROMA 10AD Ancient Greek Coin i38625″ is in sale since Sunday, March 2, 2014. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Greek (450 BC-100 AD)”. The seller is “highrating_lowprice” and is located in Rego Park, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide.