VETRANIO Ancient Roman Coin CONSTANTINE the Great CHRISTIAN VISION NGC i83545
Item: i83545 Authentic Ancient Coin of. Billon AE2 / Centenionalis 23mm (2.90 grams) Siscia mint, 1st officina. Struck 1 March-25 December 350 A. Reference: RIC VIII 287; LRBC 1174 Certification: NGC Ancients. MS Strike: 4/5 Surface: 4/5 5872968-006 D N VETRANIO P F AVG, laureate, draped & cuirassed bust right; A behind, star before HOC SIGNO VICTOR ERIS (‘by this sign you shall conquer’) / BSIS, Vetranio standing left, holding labarum and scepter; A to left; to right, crowning Victory standing left, holding palm frond. This type was issued under the stop-gap emperor Vetranio who opposed Magnentius’ eastern advance before abdicating in favour of Constantius II on 25 December A. The reverse alludes to Constantine’s vision before his victory over Magnentius in 312. This is the only coin type to specifically refer to Constantine the Greats vision of 310 and dream of 312 that led him to accept Christianity. This coin was struck under Vetranio during the turbulent period of Magnentius’ revolt in 350 AD. The reverse legend (‘by this sign you shall conquer’) refers to the divinely inspired vision of Constantine the Great before the Battle of the Milvian Bridge, and thus alludes to Vetranio’s loyalty to the house of Constantine. Vetranio eventually handed over his legions to Constantius II at Naissus, afterward withdrawing into an honorable retirement at Prusa in Bithynia. VICTOR ERIS – Victory crowning the emperor, who stands in military dress, holding in his right hand a labarum, on which appears the monogram of Christ, and in his left a spear. The monogram of Christ was introduced by order of Constantine the Great on a standard, when setting out on his campaign against Maxentius. This standard being carried into the middle of the ranks, where the danger appeared the greatest, and invariably bringing victory with it, according to Eusebius, it at length became the belief, that success was to be attributed to the standard alone; and hence is gathered the sense of the legend, HOC SIGNO VICTORY ERIS, which, in all probability, was inscribed upon the actual standard. The labarum was a vexillum (military standard) that displayed the “Chi-Rho” symbol , a christogram formed from the first two Greek letters of the word “Christ” (Greek: , or) – Chi and Rho. It was first used by the Roman emperor Constantine I. Since the vexillum consisted of a flag suspended from the crossbar of a cross, it was ideally suited to symbolize the crucifixion of Christ. Ancient sources draw an unambiguous distinction between the two terms “labarum” and “Chi-Rho”, even though later usage sometimes regards the two as synonyms. The name labarum was applied both to the original standard used by Constantine the Great and to the many standards produced in imitation of it in the Late Antique world, and subsequently. The Chi Rho is one of the earliest forms of christogram, and is used by some Christians. It is formed by superimposing the first two (capital) letters chi and rho of the Greek word ” ” = KR istos =Christ in such a way to produce the monogram. Although not technically a Christian cross, the Chi-Rho invokes the authority of Jesus, as well as symbolising his status as the Christ. The Chi-Rho symbol was also used by pagan Greek scribes to mark, in the margin, a particularly valuable or relevant passage; the combined letters Chi and Rho standing for chrston, meaning good. Some coins of Ptolemy III Euergetes r. 246-222 BC were marked with a Chi-Rho. The Chi-Rho symbol was used by the Roman emperor Constantine I r. 306-337 as part of a military standard (vexillum), Constantine’s standard was known as the Labarum. Early symbols similar to the Chi Rho were the Staurogram and the IX monogram . 360, born in the province of Moesia in a part of the region located in modern Bulgaria, is sometimes but apparently incorrectly referred to as Vetriano. He was an experienced soldier and officer when he was asked by Constantina, the sister of Roman Emperor Constantius II, to proclaim himself Caesar (March 1, 350). Her brother Constans had been killed by Magnentius earlier that year and she probably thought Vetranio could protect her family and herself against the usurper. Vetranio accepted and coins were minted in his name, showing the title of Augustus (full emperor), rather than Caesar. Vetranio subsequently abdicated on December 25, 350. He was allowed to live the remainder of his years as a private citizen on a state pension. 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The item “VETRANIO Ancient Roman Coin CONSTANTINE the Great CHRISTIAN VISION NGC i83545″ is in sale since Tuesday, April 7, 2020. This item is in the category “Coins & Paper Money\Coins\ Ancient\Roman\ Imperial (27 BC-476 AD)”. The seller is “highrating_lowprice” and is located in Rego Park, New York. This item can be shipped worldwide.
- Certification Number: 5872968-006
- Certification: NGC
- Grade: MS
- Ruler: Vetranio